Travel Thailand Phetchaburi Province.  


Kaeng Krachan National Park (Phetcha Buri)
             Last sunbeam is almost leaving from a horizon. Expanse water ts embraced by rich jungles of Tanaosi Range which is the origin of considerable rivers and creeks. Moreover,it serves as one of a scarce biodiversity region of Thailand which attracts tourists to experience.
           It covers dense forest which originates Phetchaburi River. The western borderline stretches along Tanaosi Range from Phetchaburi Province till Pa La-u in Prachuap Khiri Khan Province. It, moreover, can be claimed as the substantially remaining western forest of Thailand, With an area of 2,915 square kilometres, it is regarded as the largest national park of Thailand. This forest area is a part of Tanaosi Range bordering between Thailand and Myanmar. The highest peak is Khao Phanoen Thung with 1,207 metres  above sea level.
           Owing to the geography, it is the origin of Phetchaburi and Pranburi Rivers, which supply for Kaeng Krachan Dam and Pranburi Dam, respectively. Kaeng Krachan National Park is composed of two main basins, Phetchaburi and Pranburi Basins.
           The Phetchaburi River is 230 kilometres in length. The upper basin is Kaeng Krachan Dam. The river finally flows to the Gulf of Thailand at Ban Laem District. The basin area of Phetchaburi River at Tha Yang District and Phetchaburi Province are 4,100 and 4,190 square kilometres, respectively.  
The west of upper Phetchaburi Basin is the borderline of Thailand and Myanmar while the north is the borderline of Phetchaburi and Ratchaburi Provinces. Above Kaeng Krachan Dam, the significant creeks of Phetchaburi River are Huai Mae Pradon, Huai Bang Kloi, Huai Mae Saliang, and the upper Phetchaburi River. In the northeast of this National Park Huai Hin Phoeng and Huai Sarika flow eastwards into Huai Mae Prachan which then flows into the lower Phetchaburi River at Mae Prachan Village, Tha yang District. Besides, it merges with another stream from the east to become Huai phak and finally flows into Phetchaburi River at Wang Kruat Village.
       The Pranburi River is 160 kilometres in length. It is originated from the mountain in Phetchaburi Province, of which is mainly in Kaeng Krachan National Park. The Pranburi River finally flows to the Gulf of Thalland at Pranburi River Mouth, Prachuap Khiri Khan Province. The catchment area of Pranburi River at Pranburi Dam is around 2,070 square kilometres.
       The south and the west of Pranburi Basin stretch to the borderline of Thailand and Myanmar. In the north, it is connected to Phetchaburi Basin.
           The important creeks of Pranburi River in the National Park area are Huai Khomkrit, Huai Sok, Sat Yai River, Huai Pa Daeng, Huai Pa Lao, and the upper Pranburi River.
         Eighty percent of the National Park area are expanse forests. It consists of three important kinds of forest as follows:
            Evergreen forest is a deciduous forest where various plants mix together. It is mostly seen in the middle and the southern part of the Park. Evergreen forest can be categorized into two groups, that is, moist evergreen forest and dry evergreen forest.
            Moist evergreen forest can be found as wide area of both slope and plain at 400 metres above sea level, The forest structure comprises four layers. The top layer is 20-30 metres in height including Kalo Khon (Mallotus barbatus), Tabaek (Lagerstroemia calyculata), Salao (Lagerstroemia tomentosa), and Maklra Mong (Afzelia xylocarpa). The middle layer is 10-20 metres in height such as Phaya Rak Dam (Diospyros rubra), Makok Ban (Spondias pinnata), and Nom Noi (Polyathia evecta). The lower layer is 5-10 metres in height such as Samet Khao (Eugenia grata var. collinsae),NamKhi Raet (Acacia pennata), and Chomphu Pa (Eugenia aequea). The lowest layer includes small trees of top layer and various kinds of climber such  as Kradai Ling (.Bauhinia scandens).
             Dry evergreen forest widely spreads near the lowland of riverside in the valiey, slope, and plain between the mountains. The trees are usually found around 400-500 metres high above sea level, The topography also contains both slope and plain, The forest structure comprises four layers, The top layer is 15-25 metres in height such as Dam Dong (Diospyros ebehum), Samo Chan (Lagerstroemia undulata var. subangulata), and Khoi Nam (Streblus ilicifolius). The middle layer is 10-15 metres in height such as Phluang (.Dipterocarpus tuberculatus), Thopthaep (Connarus cochinchinensis), and Di Mi (Cleidion spiciflourm). The lowerlayer is 5-10 metres in height such as Krachit and Ngon Kai Dong (Harpullia cupanoides), The lowest layer mostly involves small trees of top layer and climbers such as Phluang (Dipterocarpus tuberculatuss), Khang Khao (Xanthophyllum virens) and Kamlang Hanuman (Dracaena conferta) .
            Mixed deciduous forest is found in the middle and the northern part of the National Park. Its topography contains plain and slope. The forest structure comprises four layers. The top layer is 15-25 metres in height such as Tin Nok (Vitex peduncularis), Pradu (Pterocarpus macrocarpus), and Tabaek (Lagerstroemia cuspidata), The middle layer is 10-15 metres in height such as Phluang, Ngio Pa (Bombax ceiba) and Mok Man (Wrightia pubescens). The lowest layer includes small trees of top layer, bamboo, and climbers.
             Kaeng Krachan National Park is regarded as the most significant national park for wildlife and wildlife conservation. Since this area is con­nected to the preservative area of neighbour country, the wildlife can then migrate across the borderline all the time. Moreover, endangered species such as Asian two-horned rhinoceros can escape from hunting and breed in two countries.
          The National Park consists of diverse wildlife species. Birds are 162 species of the Pycnonotidae, Timaliidae, and Turdidae families, Mammals can be categorized into 57 species, for example, bat, Indian civet, common palm civet, and flying squirrel. There are 17 species of amphibians, for instance, frog, tree frog, bullfrog, and toad. It represents 28 species of reptiles. The examples of reptile are house lizard,large gecko, skink, and chameleon, The last wildlife is 21 species of freshwater fish such as carp and snakehead. Some mammals are stump-tailed macaque, white-handed gibbon, Asiatic wild dog, and leopard. Additionally, more than 250 species of butterflies can be found here.
  The activities in this National Park are trekking, bird watching, butterfly watching, and rafting. Some nature trails are such as Phanoen Thung Camp -Namtok Tho Thip, Phanoen Thung Camp -Top of Khao Phanoen Thung, or Kilometre 27 -Top of Khao Phanoen Thung. Each route needs more than one day to explore so the tourists should be accompanied by an officer. Bird watching can be held all year round. The most appropriate period for bird watching is December -May. Butterfly watching can also be held all year round. The Wang Won Road-Phanoen Thung is a popular route among the butterfly watchers. The rare butterflies are such as ztgzag flat and straight-line map, The last activity is rafting along the origin of Phetchaburi River which consists of various alternative routes.
         Due to the extensive rich areas of diverse plants, birds, and wild animals, Kaeng Krachan National Park is therefore an important forest for both natural conservation and further study.
Making a trip
By car: From Bangkok, there are two routes as follows:
          Take Highway 4 (Phetchakasem Road), passing Nakhon Pathom, Ratchaburi, and ThaYang District. Then take Highway 3175 to the office of the National Park.
      Take Highway 35 until arriving at Wang Manao Junction. Then take Highway 4 to Tha Yang District. Finally, take Highway 3175 to the office of the National Park
By bus: Both regular and air-conditioned buses depart from the Southern Bus Terminal every day, For more information, contact Tel: 0-2435-1200.
By train: Train daily passes Phetchaburi Province several times. Then take a local bus to the office of the National Park, For more information, contact Tel. 0-2223-7010, 0-2223-7020.
The National Park provides the lodges for tourists. To make a reservation, contact the NationalPark Division, Royal Forest Department, Tel. 0-2579-7223, 0-2579-5734, 0-2561-4292-3 ext, 724,725. Or contact the Visitor Centre of Kaeng Krachan National Park, Tel. 0-3245-9291, 0-3245-9293. (The National Park does not affange the reservation).